- Open undergrate air control or damper if available
- Leave undergrate cover off whilst lighting for maximum undergrate air draw
- Open chimney dampers if available
- Light your fire using paper and stick, firelighters and stick or small logs
- Place layer of fuel on top of grate, then add stick and firelighters or stick and paper and then a small pile of fuel on top.
- As the fire catches alight, more fuel can be added as desired
- Top up fire when the initial fuel has burned down.
- Close air dampers to minimum settings
- De-ash fuel
- Refuel the appliance to capacity
- Allow fire to recover for up to 30 minutes
- Set thermostat to low and close dampers.
- Adjust ash pit cover or undergrate air control/chimney dampers to control the rate of burn and heat output.
- Do not de-ash too aggressively as this cools the fire.
- Leave some fuel in a coal scuttle by the fireside to condition the fuel before you need it for optimum burn performance
- Do not let the fire die down too far before refueling - maintain an adequate fire pit.
- Lightly de-ash fire
- Remove ash pit cover or undergrate air control
- Set Thermostat on high
- Refuel and replace ash pit
- De-ash fire at least every five hours or as necessary
- Appliances and burn patterns are all different
- Follow manufacturer's instructions as a guide
- Service appliances and sweep chimney as per HETAS guidelines for optimum burn performance
- Always use fireguard when children or pets are present
- Use a carbon monoxide alarm